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Chapters 10 and 11
Some striking points in Daniel
One thing may here occur to the reader as desirable for the understanding of the whole, that is, to combine the agency of those instruments, which the prophecy of Daniel presents as acting in the land of Israel during the latter days, and to identify them — if it may be done — with those that are mentioned in other prophets. But this would be to make a system of prophecy, and not to explain Daniel. The Spirit of God has not done so in this prophet, which is our present subject. I will, therefore, only allude to some striking points.
Daniel 7 gives the character of the Roman empire, especially under
its last head. It is the close of the history of the Gentile
power. Daniel 8 (although I have often thought that the king, who is
described there, might be the instrument in Israel of the western
empire) gives to the horn it speaks of a different character — as it
appears to me, in carefully weighing the passage — from that which
constitutes the western power,* whether as a little horn, or
exercised in some local instrument. It is an eastern power arising out
of one of the four kingdoms into which Alexander's empire was broken
up. His power, however, is derived from another; it is a separate
power acting in Syria. In Daniel 9 we find the one who acts among the
Jews in Jerusalem itself, in connection with the Roman empire, be the
instrument employed who he may. It may be "the king" of
Daniel 11 who finds himself between the kings of the south and of the
north. But it is very possible that the little horn of Daniel 7 acts
itself. Still there is another power dependent upon it, who acts at
least religiously upon the Jews, and leads them into apostasy — one
who comes in his own name, and does not regard the God of his fathers.
Distinguishing marks of "the king" of ch. 11; the kings of the South and North
"The king" of Daniel 11 is a king in Judea, despising the religion of his fathers, and acting in that country in a way morally unbridled, re-establishing idolatry, and dividing the territory among those in favour. The kings of the south and north are Egypt and Assyria in the latter days, who attack the king who has established himself in the Holy Land.
I suppose that "the king" answers to the second beast of Revelation, though in another aspect, as the first does to the little horn of Daniel 7.